5 Essential Swimming Techniques for Newbies

Master essential swimming techniques: breathing, front crawl, breaststroke, backstroke, butterfly. Practice drills, maintain body position, and prioritize safety.

best swimming technique for beginners

Diving into the world of swimming can be both thrilling and a bit daunting for newbies. With the right techniques, though, you’ll be slicing through the water like a hot knife through butter in no time!

Get comfortable with the water by starting with simple tasks like getting your face wet and blowing bubbles. Once you’re confident, practice floating on your back and front for balance—key for all swimming strokes. Stay relaxed to avoid sinking quickly due to tense muscles.

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1. Breathing Technique Fundamentals

Breathing might seem like a no-brainer, but in the pool, it’s a whole different ball game. The key is to breathe out slowly in the water and take quick breaths in when you turn your head to the side. It’s a bit like a steam train releasing steam with each stroke.

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Try practicing this rhythm while holding onto the pool edge before incorporating it into your strokes. Trust me, mastering your breath will keep you from huffing and puffing like the Big Bad Wolf after just one lap.

2. Mastering the Front Crawl Stroke

The front crawl is your bread and butter in the pool—it’s fast and efficient. Start by perfecting your ‘flutter kick‘: keep your legs straight and kick from the hips. Then, focus on your arm action: reach forward, pull down through the water, and recover above the water in a smooth, windmill motion.

Imagine you’re reaching for a cookie on the top shelf and then bringing it back to dunk into your milk—only the milk is the pool, and the cookie is the air you’re reaching for.

3. Perfecting the Breaststroke Form

Breaststroke is all about graceful gliding, like a swan taking its sweet time on the lake. The trick is in the timing: pull with your arms, do a frog kick, and then glide with your hands together in front of you. It’s a gentle dance where rushing won’t do you any favors. Think of it as the waltz of swimming strokes—you need rhythm, control, and a bit of elegance.

4. Learning the Backstroke Essentials

Backstroke is your chance to take in the sky (or ceiling), but don’t get too lost in the view. Keep your body straight as an arrow and alternate your arms in a windmill motion, just like in the front crawl. Your legs should be doing a flutter kick below the surface.

Remember, if you’re not looking where you’re going (which you can’t, because, well, backstroke), you’ll need good spatial awareness to avoid lane rope lashings.

5. Tips for Improving Butterfly Stroke

The butterfly stroke is the show-off at the pool party—it looks amazing, but it’s tough to master. Start with the dolphin kick; imagine your body is one big wave moving through the water.

Then, add in the arm movement, which is like drawing a big heart in front of you with each stroke. It’s a full-body workout that requires coordination and strength, but once you get it, you’ll be flying through the water like a superhero.

In the video, Stephanie Rice explains –

  1. Rhythm is Key: Achieving a good butterfly stroke is all about maintaining a rhythm in your movements.
  2. Elbows High: Keep your elbows high as you pull underneath your body, aiming to pull them right underneath the middle of your torso and then extend them back.
  3. Powerful Arm Momentum: Push back with power during the recovery phase to ensure your arms have good momentum.
  4. Leg Power Matters: Emphasize the importance of strong leg movements, maintaining a two-beat kick for every one-arm pull.
  5. Core Engagement in Butterfly Kick: When practicing butterfly kick, do it on your side with one arm out front and the other resting beside your leg. This challenges your core, requiring tight abs, and emphasizes hip movement.
  6. Butterfly Speed Drill: Focus on speed by performing normal butterfly arms with freestyle legs. Keep your head out of the water for the entire 15 meters, emphasizing fast pacing in the arms and powerful kicking in the legs.
  7. Underwater Kicking Drill: Highlight the significance of underwater kicking for improving speed and times. Stress the importance of a tight streamlined position, engaging hamstrings and quads during dolphin kicks, and limiting the distance to 15 meters.
  8. Streamlined Body Position: Stress the importance of maintaining a tight streamlined position in the water for the entire body, with abs engaged and legs kicking powerfully.
  9. Limited Distance for Underwater Kicking: Emphasize not going beyond 15 meters during underwater kicking drills to ensure effectiveness.
  10. Focused Technique Improvement: Overall, the video provides practical tips, drills, and techniques from an Olympic Champion to help swimmers improve their butterfly strokes, focusing on both arm and leg movements, core engagement, and overall efficiency.
Stephanie Rice

Coordinating Kicks and Strokes

Every good tune has a beat, and every good swim stroke has a rhythm. Your kicks and strokes should be in sync like the best-choreographed dance routine. Start slow, focus on the timing, and gradually increase your speed. It’s like patting your head and rubbing your belly—tricky at first, but with practice, you’ll get the hang of it!

Importance of Proper Body Position

A young athletic man swimming in an indoor pool.

A good swimmer is like a sleek yacht, not a clunky cargo ship. Your body should be flat on the water’s surface, with your head in a neutral position—looking straight down. This reduces drag and makes you more hydrodynamic. Think of your body as a needle threading through the fabric of the water—the straighter you are, the easier it’ll be to push through.

Drills to Enhance Swimming Skills

Drills are the secret sauce to becoming a stronger swimmer. They break down strokes into bite-sized pieces so you can focus on improving one aspect at a time. Try a ‘catch-up’ drill for the front crawl to work on your stroke timing, or a ‘zipper’ drill to perfect your body rotation. Drills can be a bit monotonous (kind of like doing scales on the piano), but they’re the building blocks of a great swimmer.

Safety Tips for Swimming Beginners

Safety is no joke when it comes to the pool. Always swim with a buddy, especially when you’re just starting. Get to know the pool’s depth, and never dive into shallow water—because belly flops hurt (and can be dangerous)! And remember, there’s no shame in using a floatation device. Better safe than sorry, right?

Swimming is an incredible journey, and with these techniques in your arsenal, you’re well on your way to becoming a confident swimmer. Keep practicing, stay patient, and don’t forget to enjoy every splash and stroke along the way!

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